Unit 1

Digital Graphics

unit 1

Unit 1 - Digital Graphics


This unit is designed to provide you with an understanding of the types and uses of digital graphics. You will explore the equipment and settings required to take photographs and source digital images. You will develop skills in using digital image manipulation software to edit digital images to a particular specification and will be able to save these in different formats for different purposes.


Assessment Objectives

By the end of this unit you will be able to:
• Explore digital images
• Plan a digital image to a brief
• Create and edit digital images
• Review the completed digital graphic against the brief


You should download and read the detailed assessment objectives. You should also download the evidence checklist.



The local Council would like to train some of its staff in photography so that they can take images around the local area for use on promotional websites and in brochures. They are seeking to promote the local area to tourists to encourage more people to visit in order to boost the local economy.

As an iMedia student, they have approached you to create a training manual. The manual should consist of 2 parts.

1. A guide illustrating how to take photographs with a digital camera, including information on how to save the images.

2. Instructions on how to edit images using basic software techniques and provide an effective example of a montage image promoting the local area.

In the first part you should use images taken by you with a small amount of additional text to show the following points:

- What a digital camera is and the name location and purpose of its various parts

- A guide to taking good creative images (remember the rules of composition)

- How to transfer the images to a computer

- Information about different file types


In the second part you should produce a final digital image that is 800x600 pixels at 720dpi. The image will be a montage of at least 5 images. The image is to be used on a website so the file format needs to be appropriate. You should have one main image that captures one of the main attractions in the local area. Other attractions should also be shown. When you produce the image you need to use and explain a range of digital editing techniques showing your original and edited images along with screen shots showing how you achieved these results. You should include some text the image. You should keep clearly named versions of all the images that you create.



Task 1 Assessment objective 2a
1. Identify the clients requirements and write a plan that will show how you will reach those needs. What documents will you create and what will each section of the document be about?


2. Create a plan of all of the images you are going to take, you could use a storyboard to do this.


3. Produce a time line to show the major things you need to do as part of this project. You should give an indication of when you will do each activity and how much time you will allocate to it. You might consider doing a Gantt Chart.


4. As you go along you need to keep a record of source details, permissions (you need to seek permission from people if you are going to use a clear image of them in a photograph- you will need to ensure they complete a signed model release form. You can download a template from Microsoft).


Task 2 Assessment objective 1a 3a 3b

All of the activities for task 2 will form your digital photography handbook for staff at the local council. Make sure it is presented in an appropriate way.


1. Find examples of different types of digital graphics (e.g. bit map/raster, vector). Discuss each one, including when, where and how they are used. Also discuss different formats e.g. jpeg, tif, png etc. You should discuss when it is appropriate to use each.


2. Discuss the different types of digital camera that available e.g. compact digital, DSLR, mobile phone, digital video stills and webcam).


3. Take photographs of a digital camera to illustrate what the controls do. Transfer them to your computer and describe how you did this. Insert the images into a word document and annotate them. Write a short piece of text explaining how to use a digital camera.

4. Take images that illustrate good examples of the basic rules of photography and composition (e.g. rule of thirds, leading lines, frames and perspective) and incorporate a range of features and settings in your digital camera (e.g. zoom, lense mode, image quality etc). You should take at least 6 photographs (as you are taking the pictures record the camera settings you used). Annotate these to explain the techniques you have used. You should also describe and explain the features and settings used on the digital camera when you took the photograph.


5. Take a screenshot showing the images on your digital camera, then screenshot transfering these to your computer. Finally, save these images into appropriate folders with suitable folder and file names (include screenshot evidence of this).


6. Make use of the rating, sorting and tagging options within your operating system. Add appropriate information to each image.


Task 3 Assessment objective   3c 3d
1. Create your photo montage. Using an image manipulation application, open your images and edit them to: change the size, crop them, adjust the brightness and contrast, levels and colour adjustment to ensure an accurate image. You should also demonstrate evidence of using editing tools and techniques (e.g. cloning and retouching, colour toning, filters and effects, red eye removal). Include evidence of using selection tools (e.g. the selection menu) and layers. Remember to add text to your final image.


2. Use screenshots and text to explain briefly how and why you have created these images. Remember to discuss the composition rules and techniques you used in Photoshop (including screenshots).


3. Save your image in a suitable format appropriate for putting on a web page. Take screenshot evidence of you doing this and explain your choice of settings.


Task 4 Assessment objective 4a

Review your work against the the original brief. This should include providing client feedback. Discuss the quality of your finished product, how it is fit for purpose, identify the constraints that influenced your decisions e.g. file formats, permission and subject matter/location, copyright, IPR, trademark etc. You should also include written evidence of such as model release forms etc.


Learning zone

Types of graphics

Rule of thirds

Leading lines



Component parts of a digital camera

Saving digital images


Software Tutorials

Most tutorials listed below focus on Photoshop CS5.


Introduction to Photoshop

Understanding the Photoshop screen

Tool Panel

Selection tools - introduction to selection tools / why do we need selection tools? / magnetic lasso tool / the lasso tool / pen tool

Working with layers - working with layers /

Image Size


Canvas size



Editing Images

Adding a border

Cropping in Photoshop

Straighten and crop


Retouching Images

Hue, Saturation and Lightness

Brightness and contrast


Adjusting colour and tone in images

Adjusting levels

Adjusting curves

Adjusting colour balance

Shadow/Highlight Correction





Retouching and repairing graphics

Clone Stamp Tool

Healing Brush Tool / Healing Brush Tool - external site

Spot Healing Brush

Patch tool

Smudge Tool

Focus tools

Sponge tool

Inserting and formatting text

Layer blending


Other useful techniques

Content Aware Fill Downloadable Tutorial

Content aware tutorials:

Content aware fill / Content Aware healing / removing a person from a photograph using content aware


Saving Images

Saving images in appropriate formats

Software Tutorials

photoshop iconCropping your images

Learning Zone